The maize plant (Zea mays L.) is of American origin and an important food, feed, and industrial crop. Many fundamental principles of genetics have been established or substantiated with maize. While some of these characters are useful only as genetic markers, other mutants form the basis for improvement of the crop. Examples of useful mutants include the endosperm mutant for high lysine content, the cytoplasmic male-sterility and restorer system for hybrid seed production, and the high amylose and waxy mutants forming the basis of new industrial products from maize starch.



maize, mutants

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