How should one measure the effectiveness of a collegiate academic program? What qualities should an effective program possess? Bloom, Madaus, and Hastings (1981) stated that "education is a process of change: students must be changed in some way through the instruction they receive." College academic programs seek to "change" students by developing and enhancing abilities required in a professional career. Such required abilities include: (1) the ability to communicate intelligently and effectively; (2) the ability to think and perform independently; (3) the ability to evalute existing products and ideas and create new ones: and (4) the ability to transfer and apply curriculum based knowledge to career-based situations.
critical thinking, teaching higher levels of cognition