Within the classroom walls professors are caretakers of a treasure that can strengthen agriculture and natural resources, but more importantly, can prepare students for life; professors can activate the human mind. If one believes that daily experiences in the environment shape and mold the intellect, then one must believe that professors and their teaching ability play an important role in nurturing the thinking ability of students (Whittington, 1991). The true value of teaching is manifested in enhancing the thinking process.

During the past decade, however, numerous government reports openly criticized the ability of the American education system to teach students to think. Examples included the 1982 Education Commission of the States report which stated, "the pattern is clear: the percentage of students achieving higher order thinking skills is declining" (Baron and Sternberg, 1987).



cognitive levels, classroom instruction

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