Examination of popular guides to colleges and universities (Dilts, 1989; Fiske, 1991) indicates that many land-grant universities operate under selective student admissions policies. While variations in the degree of selectivity do exist, institutions with such policies establish minimum requirements which students must meet in order to be eligible for admission.

Academic aptitude test (ACT or SAT) scores are widely used in making admissions decisions at selective institutions (Hamilton, 1990). According to Brinkley (1983):

".....institutions operating in a state system often have an established [aptitude test] cutoff score ...cutoff test scores are generally established to support a master plan of higher education for that state." (pp.62 -63)



transfer students, academic achievement, degree persistence

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