The purpose of this study is to explore student conceptualization of agricultural trade after experiencing an international agricultural trade class. We employ a mixed methods framework that includes a student focus group in tandem with a supplemental course survey to understand student perceptions of agricultural trade and the methods employed to teach course content. Findings suggest that students understand the gains and losses associated with trade as well as the net positive social benefits resulting from freer trade. Furthermore, students find that their agricultural business degrees are strengthened by having experienced an international agricultural trade course as part of their undergraduate curriculum.